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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

Primary Energy Consumption from Fossil Fuels, Nuclear and Renewables

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  • An interactive media that shows primary energy consumptions from fossil fuels, nuclear and renewables.
  • The breakdown of primary energy is shown based on the ‘substitution’ method which takes account of inefficiencies in energy production from fossil fuels.
Teaching Tips


  • Beautiful interactive media. It is cool to examine the data by continents and by countries.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Learners need to be familiar with the difference between renewable and nonrenewable energy.
  • Educator would need time to get familiar with this interactive media and decide on how to implement it with the learners.


  • There are other related interactive maps for measuring similar parameters.
  • Can be used to create awareness about one or more of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Scientist Notes

Inefficiencies in energy production from fossil fuels were approximated using a substitution method. Students can explore to visualize changes in energy production from fossil fuels, nuclear and renewable energy from different countries. The resource, including method and datasets used, is recommended for teaching.

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