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Project Look Sharp, Sox Sperry


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College


Science, Earth and Space Sciences, Engineering

Resource Types

  • Articles and Websites
  • Lesson Plans

Regional Focus




Geoengineering: Can Techno Fixes Save Us From Climate Change?

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  • In this media literacy activity, students will read two articles about geoengineering and decipher the messaging and intention behind each article. 
  • Students will learn that geoengineering projects could help to reduce global warming; however, geoengineering techniques come with several environmental, political, and societal risks. 
Teaching Tips


  • The lesson plan provides discussion questions for social studies, science, English language arts, and media literacy classes.
  • The lesson plan and student handout can be downloaded and used offline.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Teachers should review the How to Use Materials section associated with this activity.
  • Teachers need to create a free Project Look Sharp account to access the materials.


  • Economics classes could analyze the economic impact of geoengineering.
  • After reading and discussing the articles, the class could debate geoengineering as a solution for stopping or slowing climate change.
  • Science classes could research recent newspaper articles on geoengineering to compare the points raised.
Scientist Notes
This resource will deepen students' knowledge of the underlying social, political, and environmental impact of using geoengineering technologies to solve complex climate issues in the Earth-atmospheric-ocean systems. The resource is recommended for teaching.
  • Science
    • ESS2: Earth's Systems
      • HS-ESS2-4. Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
      • HS-ESS3-5. Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
    • ETS1: Engineering Design
      • HS-ETS1-2. Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.
  • English Language Arts
    • Reading (K-12)
      • R.11-12.2 Objectively and accurately summarize a complex text to determine two or more themes or central ideas and analyze their development, including how they emerge and are shaped and refined by specific details. (RI&RL)
      • R.11-12.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases, including figurative and connotative meanings. Analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning, tone, and mood, including words with multiple meanings. Analyze how an author uses and refines the meaning of technical or key term(s) over the course of a text. (RI&RL)
      • R.11-12.6 Analyze how authors employ point of view, perspective, and purpose to shape explicit and implicit messages (e.g., persuasiveness, aesthetic quality, satire, sarcasm, irony, or understatement). Explain how an author’s geographic location, identity, and culture affect perspective. (RI&RL)
  • Social Studies
    • Economics
      • SS.Econ1.b.h Evaluate how incentives determine what is produced and distributed in a competitive market system.
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