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6th, 7th, 8th


Science, Social Studies, Earth and Space Sciences, Geography

Resource Types

  • Ebooks
  • Interactive Media
  • Videos, 9 minutes, 2 seconds, CC, Subtitles
  • Assessments

Regional Focus

Global, North America, United States, USA - West, USA - Midwest, USA - Northeast, California, Kansas, Virginia

Effect of Continental Position on Climate

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  • This resource provides a map, images, and a video to explain the relationship between continental position, proximity to water, wind direction, and climate, citing United States cities as examples. 
  • The resource compares the climates of San Francisco, CA, Wichita, KA, and Virginia Beach, VA, three cities along the same latitude but in different regions of the continent.
  • The video provides an overview of geography, climate, climate regions, and the effects of latitude, elevation, wind currents, proximity to water, and ocean currents on climate, with references to the Gulf Stream. 
Teaching Tips


  • The video provides an overview of climate on Earth and the interactive practice questions adapt to the student's answers to ensure understanding.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students and teachers must create an account to use some of the interactive tools
  • Each student will need their own computer and internet connection to do the interactive practice questions.


  • The first 6 minutes and 20 seconds provide an overview of climate on Earth and other factors that affect climate.
  • The last segment, starting at 6 minutes, 20 seconds, discusses the effects of wind patterns and ocean currents on climate.
  • This resource could be incorporated into virtual learning lessons or in-class activities.
  • Cross-curricular connections could be made with social studies classes when discussing the ways a region's climate affects how people live, or in math classes when analyzing the data presented.
  • Other resources related to this topic include: Why Climate Change Makes Extreme Weather Worse and Weather and Climate.
Scientist Notes
The resource explores continentality effect in San Francisco. Water bodies including Oceans influence the climate condition of locations lying in the same latitude. Inland areas tend to have a different climate (continental) while coastal areas also tend to have a distinct climate (maritime) even when these areas lie in the same latitude. The resource is recommended.
  • Science
    • ESS2: Earth's Systems
      • MS-ESS2-5. Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses results in changes in weather conditions.
    • LS2: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics Within Ecosystems
      • MS-LS2-4. Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.
  • English Language Arts
    • Reading (K-12)
      • R.8.1 Cite textual evidence that strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly/implicitly and make logical inferences. (RI&RL)
  • Social Studies
    • Geography
      • SS.Geog1.b.m Interpret patterns in a variety of maps, charts, and graphs to display geographic information (contour, cartogram, population, natural resource, historical maps) and explain relationships among them.
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