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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Earth and Space Sciences, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus


CO2 Emissions by Fuel Type (Stacked Area Chart)

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  • This interactive graph and chart provide students with the opportunity to explore CO2 emissions by fuel type beginning in 1750. Students can view global emissions or filter the results by country or continent.
  • The resource shows emissions from oil, coal, flaring, gas, cement, and other sources.
Teaching Tips


  • This resource provides a large amount of data that can be viewed in a number of ways and downloaded.
  • The charts are easy to read and the data table can be sorted. 

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should know how to read a data table and stacked area chart.
  • Teachers might need to explain that flaring is burning off a byproduct of gas and oil when extracting oil. 


  • There could be many uses for this resource in a variety of courses, including cross-curricular connections for math, social studies, and economics.
  • In a geography or social studies class, students could pick two or more countries from different regions and compare how their CO2 emissions by fuel type have changed over the years. After looking at the data, the class could discuss how different countries and regions have different relationships with certain types of fuel because of access to natural resources, economic conditions, and/or government policies.
Scientist Notes

This resource spotlights annual CO2 emissions from coal, gas, oil, and other non-renewable sources. Each country's share of the sum of all Countries' emissions plus bunkers was calculated and standardized with a conversion factor of 3.664. Students can explore this resource to know countries that are net exporters and importers of CO2 emissions. The resource is recommended for teaching.

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