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Database Provider


National Park Service


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Biology

Resource Types

  • Scientific Papers or Reports
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus

North America, United States, USA - Northeast, New Jersey, North Jersey, Delaware



Birds and Climate Change: Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area

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  • This 7-page scientific paper outlines how climate suitability is predicted to change for bird species at the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area based on high-emissions and low-emissions models. 
Teaching Tips


  • The information in the tables is simple to understand, using terms like worsening, improving, or stable, which makes it more comprehensible for students.
  • There is a graph that nicely summarizes the data and will allow students to visualize the results.

Additional Prerequisites

  • This is a dense and technical paper that could be difficult for younger students.
  • Students should be familiar with the basics of ecology like climate suitability, species distribution, species colonization, and species extirpation.


Scientist Notes
This resource underscores the spatial distributions of bird species in relation to climate change in the Recreation area of Delaware. The RCP 2.6 model is able to project sensitivity and suitability of species under a changing climate scenario. The attributions, adjustments, observatory techniques and 10x10m resolution used are appropriate methods to measure climate suitability, spatial distributions of species, and the potential bird turnovers accurately. This resource is recommended for teaching.
  • Science
    • LS2: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics Within Ecosystems
      • HS-LS2-2. Use mathematical representations to support and revise explanations based on evidence about factors affecting biodiversity and populations in ecosystems of different scales.
      • HS-LS2-6. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning that the complex interactions in ecosystems maintain relatively consistent numbers and types of organisms in stable conditions, but changing conditions may result in a new ecosystem.
    • LS4: Biological Evolution
      • HS-LS4-5. Evaluate the evidence supporting claims that changes in environmental conditions may result in: (1) increases in the number of individuals of some species, (2) the emergence of new species over time, and (3) the extinction of other species.
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