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Stay Grounded


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Economics

Resource Type

  • Scientific Papers or Reports

Regional Focus




Aviation Greenwashing Fact Sheet - Synthetic Electro-fuels

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  • This fact sheet debunks common greenwashing techniques in the aviation industry related to synthetic electro-fuels. 
Teaching Tips


  • This is a relatively new technology, so many students will be learning about it for the first time.
  • The two infographics bring the data to life.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Synthetic electro-fuels face similar problems as electric flight and hydrogen flight. This process simply uses too much electricity that could be used to decarbonize other sectors like transportation and buildings.
  • This is part of a series of greenwashing fact sheets from Stay Grounded.
  • Stay Grounded is a Europe-based network of groups aiming to reduce emissions from aviation.


  • In English class, students could research different airlines like United Airlines, American Airlines, Delta, Qantas, Emirates, Southwest, or EasyJet. Groups of students could review their marketing materials related to synthetic electro-fuels to see if the companies are greenwashing or not.
  • Science classes could read and discuss this fact sheet after learning about the Fischer-Tropsch process.
  • You could also share this video that explains greenwashing and how to see through greenwashing.
  • Other greenwashing fact sheets from Stay Grounded include efficiency improvements, electric flight, hydrogen flight, and biofuels.
Scientist Notes
The resource underscores e-fuels and how it can decarbonize non-CO2 emissions in the aviation industry. It is insightful to note that its application can increase NOx levels in the atmosphere. This resource is recommended for teaching.
  • English Language Arts
    • Reading (K-12)
      • R.9-10.6 Analyze how authors employ point of view, perspective, and purpose to shape explicit and implicit messages (e.g., examine rhetorical strategies, literary elements, and devices). Explain how an author’s geographic location, identity, and culture affect perspective. (RI&RL)
      • R.11-12.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases, including figurative and connotative meanings. Analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning, tone, and mood, including words with multiple meanings. Analyze how an author uses and refines the meaning of technical or key term(s) over the course of a text. (RI&RL)
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